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I love Newcastle ...My Hometown

Watch the video and find out a bit more about Alison's hometown, She has just returned to the Béarn after visiting her Mum in Newcastle.

Regardez la vidéo et découvrez la ville natale d'Alison, qui vient de rentrer dans le Béarn après avoir rendu visite à sa mère à Newcastle.

Interesting facts about Newcastle upon Tyne :

Newcastle upon Tyne commonly known as Newcastle is a city in the North East of England.

It is situated on the northern bank of the River Tyne, 14 km (8.5 mi) from the North Sea.

As of March 2020, the population of Newcastle is about 320,000 people.

The city covers a total area of 114 square kilometers (44 square miles).

The average altitude is 9 meters (29.5 feet) above sea level.

The history of Newcastle upon Tyne dates back almost 2,000 years, during which it has been controlled by the Romans, the Angles and the Norsemen amongst others.

The first settlement dates from the Roman period, when a fort was built on a site close to the present Tyne Bridge.

The district and its name derive from a Norman castle built in 1080 by Robert II, the eldest son of William I the Conqueror.

In the 12th century the town became important as a fortress settlement because of its key position in the frontier defenses guarding the east coast route from Scotland.

From 1172 to 1177 Robert’s castle was replaced by a massive stone keep (still standing) that was used to guard the bridge across the Tyne, and walls were built to enclose a small site northwest of the castle.

The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade in the 14th century, and later became a major coal mining area.

The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the River Tyne, was amongst the world’s largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres.

The status of city was granted to Newcastle on 3 June 1882

In the 19th century, shipbuilding and heavy engineering were central to the city’s prosperity; and the city was a powerhouse of the Industrial Revolution.

Today, it is one of the most well-known cities in Britain and a major retail, commercial and cultural centre.

The Castle, Newcastle, is a medieval fortification built on the site of the fortress that gave the City of Newcastle its name. The most prominent remaining structures on the site are the Castle Keep, the castle’s main fortified stone tower, and the Black Gate, its fortified gatehouse.

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